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佛法雙語工作坊 | 佛說四十二章經 第29章

2021年05月26日 09:00:00 北京天開寺 點擊:0
The Sutra of Forty-two Chapters - 29
佛說四十二章經 第29章
後漢 西域沙門迦葉摩騰 竺法蘭 同譯
Translated jointly by Indian Sramana Kasyapa Matanga and Dharmaraksa in the Later Han Dynasty


法師講解  01:00 開始   單詞 03:35 開始

第29章 正觀敵色
Conquering Lust with the Right Views

佛言。慎勿視女色。亦莫共言語。
The Buddha said: "O monks, you should not see women. [If you should have to see them], refrain from talking to them.

若與語者。正心思念。我為沙門。處于濁世。當如蓮華。不為泥污。
If you should have to talk,  you should reflect in a right spirit: 'I am now a homeless mendicant. In the world of sin, I must behave myself like unto the lotus flower whose purity is not defiled by the mud.

想其老者如母。長者如姊。少者如妹。稚者如子。
Old ones I will treat as my mother; elderly ones as elder sisters; younger ones as younger sisters; and little ones as daughters.

生度脫心。息滅惡念。
And in all this you should harbor no evil thoughts, but think of salvation."

英文版經文轉載自 菩提字幕屋,英譯者 D.T. Suzuki
English  version sourced from Bodhi Fansubs, translated by D.T. Suzuki



法師講解:29 正觀敵色
Commentary: Conquering lust with the right views


In the disciplines that the Buddha had set out, there are very fine guidelines to Bhiksus governing the interactions with women. Such guidelines cover issues of bodily contact, conversation, and the locality for company, etc. For example, basically bodily contact should be avoided, so a handshake or slapping on the shoulder is not appropriate. Instead we can put our palms together. Sometimes when a Bhiksu wants to pass something to a woman, he will put it down first, and then the other picks it up so that the two sides will have no direct physical contact. As another example, a Bhiksu and a woman should avoid staying together alone in a partitioned space. Instead, it had better take place in an open area. When a Bhiksu has a conversation with a woman, the presence of a man or a third person can avoid unnecessary sarcasms. As for group photo taking, it had better be taken with a third person in it to avoid any excessive interpretation.   
在佛制的戒律中,關于與女眾的交往,佛陀對比丘作出很清晰的指引。這些包括與女眾身體的觸碰、交談、相處的環境等等。例如身體的觸碰是應當避免的,所以握手或是拍肩這樣的觸碰是不合適的,大家合掌就可以了。有時候比丘給女眾東西時會先把物件放下,然后對方再拿起來,雙方就不會有直接的接觸了。又例如雙方應避免在屏蔽處單獨共處,但應選擇在開陽的地方。比丘與女眾交談時有男眾或一位第三者在場可以避免不必要的譏嫌。另外合影的話最好有第三者一起,以免照片被過分解讀。

On the one hand, monastics need be proficient in the discipline; on the other hand lay Buddhists need to be familiar with the relevant Buddhist etiquette. In our daily life, at times things like these may happen: Some young girls may demand a hug of consolation from the Bhiksu master when they are in deep sorrow. Sometimes they like to stay very close to the master and whisper in his ear, or they may hold on the master’s arm for photo taking, etc. These are all acts of over affection. Some female lay Buddhists will sometimes visit the master in his bedroom. After all, bedroom is a personal and partitioned space. Similarly, when male lay Buddhists interact with female monastics, they should observe the etiquette even more carefully. During the Buddha’s time, the Buddha made these rules basically because of others’ sarcasms against monastics’ misbehavior. Therefore we have to be especially cautious about interactions between men and women.
一方面出家人需要熟習戒律,另一方面在家人也需要了解相關的佛門禮儀。在日常生活中,時不時會發生這樣的事兒:有些女生可能在傷心的情況下想與比丘師父擁抱, 希望得到安慰。她們有時候愛跟師父講耳邊話,靠得師父很近, 或是拉著師父手臂合影等,這些都是過分的熱情。一些女信眾或會進入比丘師父的房間找師父,但房間始終是一個很私人的遮蔽空間。同樣,當男眾與女出家人相處更應遵守這些禮儀。佛陀在世時,都是因為別人譏嫌出家人的行為而制戒,所以一些男女之間的互動要特別小心。

講解 | 釋宏添   北京天開寺
By Bhiksu Hong Tian,  Tiankai Temple



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